Phase I/Phase II ESAs
CES has conducted Phase I and Phase II ESAs on hundreds of thousands of acres of forestry/agricultural land and on hundreds of commercial and industrial sites across Florida for developers, investors, banks, timber companies, and mining companies. Most ESAs conform to ASTM E1527-05, but large rural and forestry tracts are typically evaluated using ASTM E2247-08, Phase I ESAs are used to identify Recognized Environmental Conditions (RECs) that might pose a liability for the owner. Phase II ESAs are used to determine the presence or absence of contamination associated with the RECs. Read below for examples of ESAs we have conducted.
Abandoned Industrial Property Phase II ESA
Pinellas County, Florida
Reviewed Phase I and Phase II ESAs provided to potential buyer by seller (a bank). Property had been used most recently for earthwork equipment storage, maintenance, and refueling activities by contracting company; previously for maintenance and fueling by municipal transit authority; and originally as a railroad siding complete with fuel and oil tanks, a maintenance shop, and an oil storage building. Phase I accurately identified most Recognized Environmental Conditions (RECs), but Phase II was so poorly conceived that no impacts were discovered or reported. Conducted proper Phase II on behalf of buyer and identified significant petroleum impacts to soil and groundwater in three areas of property, leading to seven-figure price reduction.
Weeki Wachee Springs State Park Phase I and Phase II ESAs
Hernando County, Florida
Conducted Phase I and Phase II ESAs of 300-acre parcel surrounding historic Florida tourist attraction. Identified multiple Recognized Environmental Conditions (RECs) including current and historic non-permitted landfills and disposal pits: aboveground and underground petroleum storage tanks: maintenance areas: waste water treatment plant (WWTP) effluent disposal areas; and a drum storage area. Phase II efforts included installation of monitor wells and soil borings and collection and analysis of soil and groundwater samples. Remedial activities included the excavation and offsite disposal of 850 truckloads of garbage and construction and demolition (C&D) debris and the excavation and offsite disposal of stained and contaminated soil and 55-gallon drums containing oils, solvents, paints, and unknown chemicals.
Plum Creek’s Little Orange Creek Phase I ESA
Alachua and Putnam Counties, Florida
Conducted Phase I ESA of the Little Orange Creek tract deemed a critical link in regional conservation plans. Tract consists of six parcels that total 1.340 acres and is comprised of a variety of terrains and habitats. Historically, tract had been used for silviculture and cattle ranching. Only Recognized Environmental Condition (REC) discovered was a relic cow pen, considered a REC because of common association with arsenic and chlorinated pesticides. ESA users, Florida Communities Trust, the City of Hawthorne, and Putnam Land Conservancy, deemed the REC an acceptable condition and completed the transaction with Plum Creek.